NTA/UGC/NET/JRF/SET Previous Paper: Geography, June 2019 Paper-2 with Answers & Explanations

NTA/UGC/NET/JRF/SET Previous Paper: Geography, June 2019 Paper-2 with Answers & Explanations

GUIDELINES: The Questions Paper, UGC/NET geography Paper 2 June 2019, given below is the official and Answer Key, taken from www.ugcntanet.nic.inThe elegibility criteria for UGC/NET are given on NTA portal: https://www.nta.ac.in/.

This paper contains 100 multiple choice questions, with 4 options, and each question carrying 2 marks for right answer. As per NTA/UGC/NET rule and instructions there is no negative marking for wrong answer. Therefore every candidate is advised to attempt all questions given in the question booklet. Answers of Questions 1 to 100 are given at the end of last question (Q.100) and explanations of Q.1 to Q.100 linkage.

NTA/UGC/NET/JRF/SET Previous Paper: Geography, Paper-2 June 2019 with Answers & Explanations

UGC/NET/JRF/SET Previous Paper: Geography, Question Paper-2, June 2019

Q.1 The ideal time of the day to obtain a real photograph is
1. When the sun is low oblique (before and after noon)
2. When the sun is high oblique (morning and evening)
3. When the sun is almost vertical (at noon)
4. Any time of the day

Q.2 Which of the following type of weathering is generally dominant in Greater Himalays?
1. Block disintegration
2. Scree formation
3. Exfoliation
4. Granular disintegration

Q.3 Match List-I with List-II
     List-I                                                                        List-II
(Number of settlements of different                 (K- value)
orders of Walter Christaller)
(a) 6, 42, 294                                                              (i) K = 3
(b) 128, 512, 2048                                                       (ii) K = 7
(c) 27, 351, 4563                                                          (iii) K = 4
(d) 1, 3, 9                                                                       (iv) K = 13
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)
2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
3. (a)-(ii); (b)-(i); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(iv), (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)

Q.4 Which one of the following books was not written by Al-Masudi?
1. Kitab-Muraj-al-Dhahab
2. Kitab-Akhbar-al-Zaman
3. Al-Qanun-al-Masudi
4. Kitab-al-Ausat

Q.5 Which one of the scales of measurement refers to tornado severity and damage?
1. Saffir-Simpson scale
2. Beaufort scale
3. Fujita scale
4. Richter Scale

Q.6 Consider the following statements regarding air mass characteristics:
(a) An extensive body of air
(b) Fairly homogenous physical properties
(c) Associated with light divergent winds
(d) Associated with the covergence zones
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
1. (a) and (b) are correct
2. (c) and (d) are correct
3. (b), (c) and (d) are correct
4. (a), (b) and (c) are correct

Q.7 Which one of the following comprises the largest reservoir of the earth’s oxygen?
1. Lithosphere
2. Atmosphere
3. Hydrosphere
4. Biosphere

_____________________________________________________________________

Read another matter: Objective Geography/MCQs in Geography—A

______________________________________________________________________

Q.8 From the given transport graph, calculate ‘Beta-Index’:

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
1. 1.5
2. 3.0
3. 2.0
4. 1.0

Q.9 Which one of the following is not responsible for the origin of urban heat islands?
1. High wind speed
2. Atmospheric pollution
3. City buildings
4. Central heating system of cities.

Q.10 Which of the following elements of image interpretation is most appropriate for
identifying alluvial fans and meanders on any aerial photograph?
1. Size
2. Shape
3. Tone
4. Texture

Q.11 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): Panchayati Raj Institutions have 3-tier systems in planning and executing development projects within their jurisdictions.
Reasons (R): Panchayati Raj Act empowered local bodies participation in planning process.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
1. (A) is true, but (R) is false
2. (A) is false, but (R) is true.
3. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
4. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

Q.12 El Nino Southern Oscillation (Enso) is an
1. Ocean process
2. Atmospheric process
3. Ocean-atmospheric process
4. Ocean-atmosphere-land process

Q.13 In D.M Smith’s theoretical model of the spatial margins to profitability, if cost is
constant, the space-revenue curve would be
1. V-shaped
2. A-shaped
3. S-shaped
4. Rectangular

Q.14 Consider the following features related to glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF):
(a) Involve sudden release of melt water
(b) Failure of moraine and ice dam
(c) Large down-stream discharge causing floods
(d) Rapid event casting for few seconds
Select the correct answer from the options given below:
1. (a) and (b) are correct
2. (c) and (d) are correct
3. (a), (b) and (c) are correct
4. (b), (c) and (d) are correct

Q.15 In which frontal stage warm air uplifted and is cooled, condensed and
precipitated?
1. Stationary front
2. Warm front
3. Cold front
4. Occluded front

Q.16 Select the following Himalayan ranges in the State of Jammu and Kashmir in
descending order in terms of average altitude from sea level:
1. Zanskar, Pir Panjal, Ladakh, Karakoram
2. Karakoram, Ladakh, Zanskar, Pir Panjal
3. Pir Panjal, Karakoram, Ladakh, Zanskar
4. Ladakh, Karakoram, Pir Panjal, Zanskar

Q.17 Match List-I with List-II
       List-I                                                        List-II
    (Proponent)                                            (Philosophy)
(a) Schaefer                                                (i) Gainism
(b) James Livelock                                    (ii) Structuralism
(c) O.H.K Spate                                           (iii) Exceptionalism
(d) Gidden                                                   (iv) Probabilism
Select the correct answer from the options given below:
1. (a)- (ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(i); (d)-(iv)
2. (a)-(i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(iii)
3. (a)-(iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(iii); (d)-(ii)
4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(iv), (c)-(ii); (d)-(i)

Q.18. Which of the following rivers divides Indian peninsula intro Malwa and Decan
Plateau?
1. Godavari
2. Mahanadi
3. Narmada
4. Mahi

Q.19 Arrange the following components of ‘quality of life’ used by the Berlin Centre for
Future Research in decreasing weightage:
(a) Physical
(b) Mental
(c) Material
(d) Spiritual
Select the correct answer from the options given below:
1. (d), (c), (a), (b)
2. (c), (d), (b), (a)
3. (b), (a), (d), (c)
4. (a), (b), (c), (d)

Q.20 Which continent has the maximum number of member countries of OPEC?
1. Asia
2. South America
3. Africa
4. Europe

Q.21 Functional region delineated on the basis of which of the following characteristics?
1. Transport intensity and commodity flow intensity
2. Commodity flow intensity and river basin
3. Physical features and population characteristics
4. Agricultural intensity and rainfall pattern.

Q.22 The Ramsar Convention is related to which one of the following?
1. Ozone depletion
2. Desertification
3. Wetlands
4. Greenhouse gas emission

Q.23 Which one the following statements is true for Sadler’s theory of population
growth?
1. Increase in human population and food supply are inversely related
2. Human population increases in geometrical progression while food supply increases in
arithmetic progression
3. Sadler’s theory of population growth belongs to the economic theories of population
growth
4. Human fertility varies inversely with population density

Q.24 Who among the following proposed the core-periphery model of economic
development?
1. Rostow
2. Friedman
3. Myrdal
4. Harschman

Q.25 Match List-I with List-II
     List-I                                       List-II
  (Subject)                                   (Object)
(a) Apiculture                             (i) Fruits
(b) Olerixulture                           (ii) Grapevine
(c) Pomology                              (iii) Kitchen herbs
(d) Viticulture                              (iv) Bee
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(i); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
3. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii); (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)
4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(ii), (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)

Q.26 Match List-I with List-II
      List-I                                List-II
  (Proponent)                   (Philosophy)
(a) Ritter                         (i) On Air, Water, Places
(b) Ptolemy                   (ii) Geographia
(c) Strabo                       (iii) Almagast
(d) Hippocrates            (iv) Erdkunde
Select the correct answer from the options given below:
1. (a)- (ii); (b)-(i); (c)-(iv); (d)-(iii)
2. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii); (c)-(ii); (d)-(i)
3. (a)-(i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
4. (a)-(iv); (b)-(i), (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)

Q.27 D. Whittlessey divided the whole world into how many types of agricultural region?
1. 12
2. 13
3. 115
4. 18

Q.28 La Nina phenomenon is due to which of the following conditions?
1. Air pressure dropping over central and eastern Pacific Ocean
2. Weak high pressure system replacing normal pressure over western Pacific
3. An abnormal accumulation of cold water in central and eastern Pacifc resulting into very
strong trade winds
4. The trade winds over the Pacific Ocean move strongly from west to east

Q.29 Identify the Indian port which is known as the best natural harbour and has the
leading cargo traffic importing petroleum, fertilizer, chemicals and machinery, etc:
1. Kolkata
2. Chennai
3. New tuticorin
4. Vishakhapatnam

Q.30 Which one of the following is not matched correctly?
1. Homeostatic mechanism: Inbuilt self-regulating mechanism in natural ecosystems to counterbalance any change in the ecosystem to maintain ecological stability
2. Synecology: Study of complex interrelationships between biological communities
3. Net Primary Production: Amount of energy or organic matter stored at trophic level one
4. Deep Ecology: Environmentalism based on anthropocentric point of view

Q.31 Which one of the following is less important determinant for the electoral behaviour in India?
1. Caste
2. Education of a candidate
3. Religion and language
4. Money Power

Q.32 Match List-I with List-II
   List-I                                                      List-II
(Petroleum Producing Centres)      (Countries)
(a) Alwand                                              (i) Iraq
(b) Agha Jari                                          (ii) Egypt
(c) Sinai Peninsula                                (iii) Iran
(d) Minas                                                 (iv) Indonesia
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (i); (b)-(iii); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iv)
2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
3. (a)-(iii); (b)-(ii); (c)-(i); (d)-(iv)
4. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii), (c)-(ii); (d)-(i)

Q.33 Ekman transport occurs in the
1. Upper ocean
2. Meso-pelagic layer
3. Bathy- pelagic layer
4. Ocean bottom

Q.34 As per Edward Ullman’s mode of transport system, which one of the following
describes complementarity?
1. Demand and supply of a product between regions
2. Cost of movement of a product between regions
3. Availability of a product in a region
4. Non-availability of a product in a region

Q.35 Match List-I with List-II
     List-I                                                List-II
(Geomorphic Hazards)                (Areas of Occurrence))
(a) Faulting                                     (i) krakatos Earthquake (1883)
(b) Vulcanicity                                (ii) Greece Earthquak (1931)
(c) Hydrostatic pressure              (iii) Gujarat Earthquake (2001)
(d) Plate movement                     (iv) California Earthquake (1906)
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
2. (a)-(i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
3. (a)-(iii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)
4. (a)-(iv); (b)-(i), (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)

Q.36 Match List-I with List-II
          List-I                               List-II
(Resource)                              (Region)
(a) Iron ore                             (i) Panna district
(b) Diamond                          (ii) Jharia
(c) Coal                                    (iii) Bababudan Hills
(d) Geothermal energy       (iv) Puga Valley
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)
2. (a)-(i); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(ii)
3. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(i), (c)-(ii); (d)-(iv)

Q.37 The difference between mean temperature of any place and the mean temperature
of its latitude is called as
1. Temperature anomaly
2. Inversion of temperature
3. Temperature gradient
4. Temperature rise

Q.38 Given below are two statement. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).
Assertion (A): Higher salinity is found between 200 – 400 latitudes.
Reason (R): Salinity decrease from the mid latitudes to high latitudes.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3. (A) is false, but (R) is true
4. (A) is true, but (R) is false

Q.39 Which of the following avalanches are most destructive in nature?
1. Loose snow
2. Slab
3. Powder snow
4. Wet snow

Q.40 The following temperature data were recorded at Station A:
Range of Temperature (0C)              No. of Days
         10-20                                                      6
         20-30                                                     20
         30-40                                                      5
Which of the following options exhibiting mean monthly temperature is correct?
1. 30
2. 25
3. 20
4. 15

Q.41 Select among the following groups of States of India in descending order having
high concentration of population distribution according to Census 2011 data:
1. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal
2. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu
3. Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar
4. Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, West Bengal

Q.42 ‘Chi square test’ measures which of the following?
1. Mean deviation
2. Goodness of fit
3. Trend
4. Variation

Q.43 Identify the river of India which has the following characteristics?
(a) It originates from the Amarkantak plateau
(b) It is a tributary of Ganga river
(c) During summer months, it has little water
1. Narmada
2. Son
3. Ramganga
4. Kosi

Q.44 The denset sea water is the
1. Arctic bottom water
2. North Pacific bottom water
3. Antarctic bottom Water
4. North Atlantic deep water

Q.45 Match List-I with List-II
    List-I                                                                          List-II
(Synonyms of Shifting Cultivation in India)          (Philosophy)
(a) Jhum                                                                  (i) South-East Rajasthan
(b) Kumari                                                               (ii) North-East India
(c) Watra                                                                  (iii) Andhra Pradesh
(d) Podu                                                                   (iv) Western Ghats
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(iii)
3. (a)-(iii); (b)-(i); (c)-(iv); (d)-(ii)
4. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii), (c)-(ii); (d)-(i)

Q.46 T-S diagram helps in determining the formation and extent of
1. Ocean Currents
2. Tidal waves
3. Coral reefs
4. Water masses

Q.47 Select from the options given below, correct sequence in increasing order of
agricultural intensity among the various States in India:
1. Maharashtra → Assam → Bihar →Uttar Pradesh
2. Uttar Pradesh → Bihar →Assam → Maharashtra
3. Assam → Bihar → Uttar Pradesh → Maharashtra
4. Bihar →Assam →Maharashtra → Uttar Pradesh

Q.48 City I has population of 2,00,000 and city II has population of 6,00,000. They are
50 miles apart. Which of the following will be breaking point (BP) boundary marking
the outer edge of their respective trade areas according to Reilly’s Law of Retail
Gravitation?
1. 12.5 miles from city I
2. 45 miles from city II
3. 28.3 miles from city II
4. 18.3 miles from city I

Q.49 In which one of the following places were amendments to the Kyoto Protocol
adopted?
1. Abu Dhabi
2. Riyadh
3. Doha
4. Muscat

Q.50 Arrange the following States of India in increasing level of urbanization as per the
2011 Census data:
1. Kerala
2. Punjab
3. Goa
4. Mizoram

Q.51 Which one of the following is NOT matched correctly?
1. R.E Murphy: Urban Social Area Analysis
2. M. Jefferson: Prime City
3. G. Childe: Theory of Urban Origin
4. E. Shevky: Study of CBD

Q.52 San Andreas Fault represents which of the following?
1. Benioff zone
2. Constructive margin of the plate
3. Destructive margin of the plate
4. Conservative margin of the plate

Q.53 Which one of the following countries intends to withdraw from the Paris
Agreement?
1. Neatherlands
2. Canada
3. United Kingdom
4. United States of America

Q.54 In a fold if both limbs are parallel as well as horizontal to each other, it would be a
case of which of the following types of fold?
1. Isocline
2. Recumbent
3. Open
4. Closed

Q.55 As per the National Population of India (2000), which of the following is the target
year to achieve a stable population?
1. 2040
2. 2045
3. 2050
4. 2055

Q.56 Which one of the following is not matched correctly?
1. Proto-Australoids : Bhutias
2. Nordies : Rajputs
3. Mongoloids : Khasis
4. Negritoes: Khaddars

Q.57 The philosophy of positivism DOES NOT believe in
1. Speculation
2. Objectivity
3. Fact
4. Truth

Q.58 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is
labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): Ritter was a teleologist and had a strong belief in God.
Reason (R): Ritter had a vision of ordered and harmonious universe.
Select the correct answer from options given below:
1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
2. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
3. (A) is true, but (R) is false
4. (R) is true, but (A) is false

Q.59 Match List-I with List-II
          List-I                                                                           List-II
(Soil Categories as per US Dept. of Agricultue)       (Nearest Equivalent)
(a) Antisols                                                                         (i) Brown forest soil
(b) Inceptisols                                                                    (ii) Chernozem
(c) Mollisols                                                                         (iii) Laterite
(D) Oxisols                                                                           (iv) Azonal soils
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
2. (a)-(iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)
3. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(iv), (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)

Q.60 Who among the following Arab geographers is most widely travelled and wrote
down his travel account for posterity?
1. Ibn-Batua
2. Ibn-Khaldun
3. Ibn-Hakul
4. Al-Masudi

Q.61 The direction of dip in reference of strike is always at which of the following
angles?
1. Acute angle
2. Obtuse angle
3. Right angle
4. Straight angle

Q.62 Who among the following was a Roman geographer?
1. Hippocrates
2. Hecataeus
3. Strabo
4. Posidonius

Q.63 A halocline refers to a significant change in
1. Density
2. Salinity
3. Temperature
4. Turbidity

Q.64 Which one of the following statements is true for a World city?
1. A world city is absolutely devoid of any financial institution
2. A world city is culturally homogenous in nature
3. A world city is the headquarters of several multinational corporations
4. A world city is rarely the centre of new ideas and injmovations

Q.65 Down-warping is produced on account of which of the following actions?
1. Crustal fracture
2. Crustal bending
3. Submergence
4. Emergence

Q.66 Which one of the following surfaces produces maximum albedo?
1. Fresh snow cover
2. Cloud cover
3. Forest cover
4. Desert cover

Q.67 Whose work provides the concept of image to geographical studies?
1. Gilbert White
2. Julian Wolpert
3. Kenneth Boulding
4. Peter Gould

Q.68 Which one of the following Regional Organizations of Cooperation is the largest in
terms of number of member countries?
1. OPEC
2. SAARC
3. ASEAN
4. EU

Q.69 Who amongst the following propounded the ‘Theory of Intervening
Opportunities’?
1. E.G Ravenstein
2. G.K.Zipf
3. D.J Bogue
4. S. Stouffer

Q.70 Match List-I with List-II
    List-I                                         List-II
(Ocean Currents)                    (Location)
(a) Labrador                       (i) West Coast of Morocco
(b) Oyashio                        (ii) West Coast of South Africa
(c) Canary                          (iii) East Coast of Canada
(d) Benguela                     (iv) East Coast of Korea
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(i); (c)-(iv); (d)-(iii)
3. (a)-(iii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)
4. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii), (c)-(ii); (d)-(i)

Q.71 Match List-I with List-II
      List-I                                           List-II
(Language Family)            (Specific Language)
(a) Dravidian                       (i) Banjari
(b) Indo-European            (ii) Santhali
(c) Austric                            (iii) Bodo
(d) Tibeto-Burman            (iv) Yerukala
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)
2. (a)-(i); (b)-(iv); (c)-(iii); (d)-(ii)
3. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(ii), (c)-(i); (d)-(iv)

Q.72 Match List-I with List-II
      List-I                                    List-II
(Local Winds)                      (Countries)
(a) Norwester                      (i) Switzerland
(b) Yamo                              (ii) New Zealand
(c) Foehn                              (iii) USA
(d) Chinook                          (iv) Japan
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (iii); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(iii)
3. (a)-(i); (b)-(iii); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iv)
4. (a)-(iv); (b)-(i), (c)-(iii); (d)-(ii)

Q.73 Which one of the following pairs is not matched correctly?
1. Julian Wolpert: Behavioural approach
2. Aristotle: Inductive approach
3. Ratzel: Man-land approach
4. David Smith: Marxist perpective

Q.74 Which of the following is not a part of Circum-Pacific Volcanic belt?
1. Aleutian islands
2. Mindanao island
3. Azores islands
4. Sakhalin island

Q. 75 The constructive margin of lithospheric plates is presented by which of the
following?
1. Ural mountains
2. Mariana trench
3. Indo-Gangetic plain
4. Mid-Atlantic ridge

Q.76 In Drewnowski’s conceptual framework of the need satisfaction curve, the lowest
level of living indicates which state of well-being?
1. Insuffciency
2. Affluence
3. Sufficiency
4. Destitution

Q.77 The Sustainable-Development Goals comprises of how many goals and targets?
1. 17 goals and 132 targets
2. 17 goals and 169 targets
3. 15 goals and 123 targets
4. 10 goals and 115 targets

Q. 78 Match List-I with List-II
         List-I                                                List-II
(Local Weather Condition)                  (States)
(a) Mango shower                                (i) Kerala
(b) Blossom shower                             (ii) West Bengal
(c) Norwester                                         (iii) Karnataka
(d) Loo                                                    (iv) Uttar Pradesh
Select the correct answer from the options given below:
1. (a)- (i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
2. (a)-(iii); (b)-(ii); (c)-(i); (d)-(iv)
3. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii); (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)
4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(i), (c)-(ii); (d)-(iv)

Q.79 The proportion of areas under various crops at a point of time is known as
1. crop combination
2. cropping pattern
3. crop concentration
4. crop diversification

Q.80 Match List-I with List-II
            List-I                                                           List-II
(Ocean Relief)                                                       (Oceans)
(a) Socotra-Chagos ridge                                   (i) Arctic Ocean
(b) Spitsbergen                                                     (ii) Indian Ocean
(c) Mid-Atlantic ridge                                           (iii) Atlantic Ocean
(d) Cocos ridge                                                      (iv) Pacific Ocean
Choose the correct option from those given below:
1. (a)- (i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
3. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii); (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)
4. (a)-(ii); (b)-(i), (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)

Q.81 Which of the following data formats in GIS is compatible with satellite images?
1. CAD data format
2. DLG data format
3. Vector data format
4. Raster data format

Q.82. Which of the following groups of countries is the participant member of South
Asian Association for Regional Cooperation?
1. Sri Lanka – Malaysia – Pakistan
2. India – Bhutan – Mauritius
3. Bangladesh – Mozambique – Maldives
4. Afghanistan – Bhutan – Maldvies

Q.83. What is the transition zone between two ecosystems known as?
1. Ecotone
2. Ecotype
3. Biotope
4. Biome

Q.84 Which one of the following is a meteological hazard?
1. Flood
2. Land slide
3. Avalanche
4. Cloud burst

Q. 85 Which one of the following is not matched correctly?
1. M.T. Sadler : Economic Theories of Population Growth
2. W.C. Plowden : Census of India
3. F.W. Notestein : Demographic Transition
4. E.G. Ravenstein : Laws of Migration

Q. 86 Which one of the following is the basis of Thornthwaite’s classification of
climates?
1. Precipitaion effectiveness and thermal effciency
2. World distribution of natural vegetation
3. Distribution of land and waterbodies
4. Movement of air masses

Q.87 The graph used to show the proportion of surface area representing elevation
above or below datum is
1. Altimetric curve
2. Fluviometric curve
3. Morphometric curve
4. Hypsometric curve

Q.88 Read the following statements given below:
(a) The 2011 census shows marginal increase in population growth rate since 2001 in India.
(b) The absolute increase in urban population exceeded the absolute increase in rural
poppulation in India.
(c) The sex ratio has decreased 2011 census from 2001.
(d) The literacy rate has improved in 2011 census since 2001.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
1. (a) and (c) are true
2. (c) and (d) are true
3. (a), (c) and (d) are true
4. ((b) and (c) are true

Q.89 Mount St. Helens is located in which part of the world?
1. USA
2. Java Sea
3. Adaman Sea
4. Aegean Sea

Q.90 Which of the following is a mathematical curve that shows a visual extent of
departure for any five distribution?
1. Logistic curve
2. Less than ogive curve
3. Greater than ogive curve
4. Lorenz curve

Q.91 which of the following statements are true?
(a) The correlation is dependent on the choice of both origin and scale observations.
(b) The correlation coefficient is dependent on the units of measurements
(c) The coefficient of correlation is the square root of the coefficient of determination
(d) The zero value of correlation coefficient can not estimate the value of dependent variable.
Code:
1. (a) and (b) are true
2. (a), (b) and (c) are true
3. (c) and (d) are true
4. Only (d) is true

Q.92 Who among the following geographers was pioneer of branching Geography into
two, general or universal and special or particular?
1. Richthofen
2. Varenius
3. Ritter
4. Humboldt

Q.93 Match List-I with List-II
       List-I                                            List-II
(Water Falls)                                  (Name of the River)
(a) Jog Prapat                               (i) Cauvery
(b) Dudh Sagar                             (ii) Machkund
(c) Shiva Samudram                    (iii) Mandori
(d) Duduma                                   (iv) Sharavati
Select the correct answer from the options given below:
1. (a)- (i); (b)-(iv); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)
2. (a)-(i); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(ii)
3. (a)-(iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(iii); (d)-(ii)
4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(i), (c)-(iv); (d)-(ii)

Q.94 According to A. Pred, the location of an industry is closely associated with which
among the following approaches?
1. Least cost approach
2. Profit maximising approach
3. Ecological approach
4. Behavioural approach

Q.95 Which of the following features hinders the social process of assimilation?
1. The stages of development of society
2. Social activities
3. Intimate social contacts
4. Amalgamation

Q.96 Which one of the following factors does not promote the formation of Federal
State?
1. Vast area
2. Homogenous population
3. Odd shape
4. Presence of several core areas

Q.97 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is
labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): The Indo-Gangetic plain is one of the densely populated regions of the world.
Reason (R): The Indo-Gangetic plain has fertile land and abundance of water.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
3. (A) is true, but (R) is false
4. (A) is false, but (R) is true

Q.98 Read the following statements given below:
(a) The Bhangar soils are older alluvium
(b) The Bhangar soils are frequently inundated
(c) The Bhangar soils are rich in concentration and nodules
(d) The drier areas of Bhangar soils exhibit saline and alkaline efflorescence
Select the correct option:
1. (a) and (c) are true
2. (a) and (d) are true
3. (a), (c) and (d) are true
4. (a) (b) and (d) are true

Q.99 Who among the following provided a philosophical foundation for Geography as a
field of scientific enterprise?
1. Bernhardus Varenius
2. Nicolaus Copernicus
3. Immanuel Kant
4. Kepler

Q.100 Which among the following is an example of Quaternaries activities?
1. Construction
2. Sericulture
3. Retail and wholesale trade
4. Manufacturing

_______________________________________________________

NTA/UGC NET/JRF/SET Geography Paper-2, June 2019: Answer

Q.1 Ans: 1. When the sun is low oblique (before and after noon)
Q.2 Ans: 1. Block disintegration
Q.3 Ans: 2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
Q.4 Ans: 3. Al-Qanun-al-Masudi
Q.5 Ans: 3. Fujita scale
Q.6 Ans: 4. (a), (b) and (c) are correct
Q.7 Ans: 1. Lithosphere
Q.8 Ans: 3. 2.0
Q.9 Ans: 1. High wind speed
Q.10 Ans: 2. Shape
Q.11 Ans: 3. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
Q.12 Ans: 3. Ocean-atmospheric process
Q.13 Ans: 2. A-shaped
Q.14 Ans: 3. (a), (b) and (c) are correct
Q.15 Ans: 2. Warm front
Q.16 Ans: 2. Karakoram, Ladakh, Zanskar, Pir Panjal
Q.17 [Note: No option out four given options (1, 2, 3, 4.) is correct.]
Q.18. Ans: 3. Narmada
Q.19 Ans: 3. (b), (a), (d), (c)
Q.20 Ans: 3. Africa
Q.21 Ans: 1. Transport intensity and commodity flow intensity
Q.22 Ans: 3. Wetlands
Q.23 Ans: 4. Human fertility varies inversely with population density
Q.24 Ans: 2. Friedman
Q.25 Ans: 3. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii); (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)
Q.26 Ans: 2. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii); (c)-(ii); (d)-(i)
Q.27 Ans: 2. 13
Q.28 Ans: 3. An abnormal accumulation of cold water in central and eastern Pacifc resulting into very strong trade winds.
Q.29 Ans: 4. Vishakhapatnam
Q.30 Ans: 4. Deep Ecology: Environmentalism based on anthropocentric point of view
Q.31 Ans: 2. Education of a candidate
Q.32 Ans: 1. (a)- (i); (b)-(iii); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iv)
Q.33 Ans: 1. Upper ocean
Q.34 Ans: 1. Upper ocean
Q.35 Ans: 4. (a)-(iv); (b)-(i), (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)
Q.36 Ans: 4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(i), (c)-(ii); (d)-(iv)
Q.37 Ans: 1. Temperature anomaly
Q.38 Ans: 3. (A) is false, but (R) is true
Q.39 Ans: 2. Slab
Q.40 Ans: 2. 25
Q.41 Ans: 1. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal
Q.42 Ans: Goodness of fit
Q.43 Ans: 2. Son
Q.44 Ans: 3. Antarctic bottom water
Q.45 Ans: 2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(iii)
Q.46 Ans: 4. Water masses
Q.47 Ans: 1. Maharashtra → Assam → Bihar →Uttar Pradesh
Q.48 Ans: 1. 12.5 miles from city I
Q.49 Ans: 3. Doha
Q.50 Ans: Punjab → Mizoram → Kerala → Goa
Q.51 Ans: Given options are not correct
Q.52 Ans: 4. Conservative margin of the plate
Q.53 Ans: 4. United States of America
Q.54 Ans: 2. Recumbent
Q.55 Ans: 2. 2045
Q.56 Ans: 1. Proto-Australoids : Bhutias
Q.57 Ans: 1. Speculation
Q.58 Ans: 2. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
Q.59 Ans: 2. (a)-(iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)
Q.60 Ans: 1. Ibn-Batua
Q.61 Ans: 3. Right angle
Q.62 Ans: 3. Strabo
Q.63 Ans: 2. Salinity
Q.64 Ans: 3. A world city is the headquarters of several multinational corporations
Q.65 Ans: 2. Crustal bending
Q.66 Ans: 1. Fresh snow cover
Q.67 Ans: 3. Kenneth Boulding
Q.68 Ans: 4. EU
Q.69 Ans: 4. S. Stouffer
Q.70 Ans: 3. (a)-(iii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)
Q.71 Ans: 1. (a)- (iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)
Q.72 Ans: 2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(iii)
Q.73 Ans: 4. David Smith: Marxist perpective
Q.74 Ans: 3. Azores islands
Q. 75 Ans: 4. Mid-Atlantic ridge
Q.76 Ans: 4. Mid-Atlantic ridge
Q.77 Ans: 2. 17 goals and 169 targets
Q. 78 Ans: 4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(i), (c)-(ii); (d)-(iv)
Q.79 Ans: 2. cropping pattern
Q.80 Ans: 4. (a)-(ii); (b)-(i), (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
Q.81 Ans: 4. Raster data format
Q.82. Ans: 4. Afghanistan – Bhutan – Maldvies
Q.83. Ans: 1. Ecotone
Q.84 Ans: 4. Cloud burst
Q. 85 Ans: 1. M.T. Sadler : Economic Theories of Population Growth
Q. 86 Ans: 1. Precipitaion effectiveness and thermal effciency
Q.87 Ans: 4. Hypsometric curve
Q.88 Ans: 4. ((b) and (c) are true
Q.89 Ans: 1. USA
Q.90 Ans: 4. Lorenz curve
Q.91 Ans: 3. (c) and (d) are true
Q.92 Ans: 2. Varenius
Q.93 Ans: 3. (a)-(iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(iii); (d)-(ii)
Q.94 Ans: 4. Behavioural approach
Q.95 Ans: 1. The stages of development of society
Q.96 Ans: 2. Homogenous population
Q.97 Ans: 1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
Q.98 Ans: 3. (a), (c) and (d) are true
Q.99 Ans: 3. Immanuel Kant
Q.100 Ans: 3. Retail and wholesale trade

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